Northwest Clarion_1961-03-09

• North~west €LARION .... How Can I Hear the Things You Say, When the Things You Do Keep Thundering in My Ear Vol. 15, No. 8-16th YetU' Portland, Oregon PRICE 10 CENTS OREGON'S ONLY INTERRACIAL WEEKLY THURSDAY, MARCH 9, 1961 Tribute ·Paid to Frederick Douglass; Home ·Restoration Launched World's Largest Plywood Press Unveiled at Springfield, Ore. WASlllNGTON, D. C. - A crowd of some 1,000 persons gathered at the Sheraton Park Hotel Sunday to pay tribute to Frederick Douglass, and launch a drive for funds to restore the Washington home of the noted abolitionist and maintain it as a national shrine. During a three-hour program sponsored by the National Asso– ciation of Colored Women's Clubs, three distinguished speak– ers lauded Douglass and urged nation-wide support of efforts to National Negro Newspaper Week Is Commemorated The Northwest Clarion joins with others in celebrating and honoring National Negro News– paper Week, March 16-25. We in– vite all clubs, fraternal groups, churches and individuals to write in your comments <m what the Negro press means to you. We try to bring into your home, a clean truthful publica– tion, one you can be proud of, as well as fit for your children to read. The theme for National Negro Newspaper Week is "The Role of the American :Minority Press in a World of Unrest." Next issue in honoring the 23rd anniversary of the Negro press, a history of N.N.N. Week, including a history of your North– west Clarion will be published. Although various advertising media have sprung over the na– tion in c~mpetltion for news– paper advertising, the Negro newspaper still remains the most popular and effective medi~m for reaching the Negro buymg public. This is because the Negro people still look to their own newspapers to champion the in– terests of tbe race at ali times, as they could not always expect such protection to be rendered by others. Negro papers appeal to our race in a peculiar way that no other publication on advertising media can. Your comments will be appreciated. O..A.C.W. Meets The Executive Council of the O.A.C.W. held their monthly meeting at the Stella Maris House. The Semper Fidelis and 20 Matron Clubs had charge of the program for the evening. The theme of the program was "Frontiers in Educati<m." Mr. Holley of the Urban League was the guest speaker. Mr. Thomas Vickers and Mr. Brown, princi– pal of Boise school, also partici– pated. Many thanks to Mrs. Ger– trude Crowe, who · was respons– ible for such a fine program and also to the many members who attended the meeting. Delicious refreshments were served by the entertaining clubs. The Cleo Lillianne Charity Or– ganization Annual Silver Tea will be held March 12, at 3906 N. Borthwick from 2:00 to 6:00 p. m.. Their many friends are in– vited. LOGGING FIRM READY TO SAIL TO COSTA RICA FROM PORTLAND The Frazier Logging Co., of Myrtle Creek, Oregon, is tempor– arily located at Portland Public Docks' Terminal No. 2-lock, stock and barrel. The entire op– eration is presently on the dock, awaiting arrivel of the S. S. Santa Malta, a Grace Line ship that will move the firm's equip– ment to Costa Rica, where it will be reassembled and used for hardwood logging. Delbert L. "Buzz" Frazier, own– er of the mill, accepted a con– tract with a Costa Rican firm to set up operations on the Osa Pen– insula. After nine years in Myrtle Creew, everything but the build– ingi of his mill have been moved to the dock to be loaded into the ship Wednesday (March 8). Included in Frazier's shipment are logging trucks and a pickup, winches, power saws, caterpillar tractors, safety hate, an electrical power plant, axes, sledge ham– mers, and an aluminum rowboat. Frazier will fly to San Jose with his wife and four children. One of his first steps will be to build a dock, for the loading of lumber aboard vessels. restore his Cedar Hill home in the Anacostia section of the Na– tion's Capital. They were U. S. Senator Philip Hart (D.-Mich.); Dr. Benjamin A. Quarles, chair– man of the department of his– tory at Morgan State College in Baltimore. Sen. Hart praised Douglass as a "truly great American," and an– nounced that he will introduce a bill in the Senate to make the Douglass Horne a national shrine. The bill will be introduced sim– ultaneously in the House by Cong. Charles C. Diggs, Jr. (D– Mich.), according to the Senator. "Put a needle into your Con– gressmen so that we can as– semble across the (Anacostia) riv– er and make the Home a part of the heritage of all America," Sen. Hart said. Dr. Johson, who serves as hon-j orary chairman of the Douglass · Home Advisory Board, said that the Home can become "an attrac– tive center of esteem and affec– tion for all Americans." The audience was urged not only to rebuild the Home, but to live their lives like Douglass by the J former Howard head. 1 "Douglass was not content to be fr'}e himself; he wanted to see all of mankind free," Dr. John– son said. "He was one of the most powerful spokesmen for the cause of freedom who ever lived in America." Dr. Johnson told of Douglass' appeals to Great Britain during the Civil War, which he said were instrumental in keeping the British from entering the war on the side of the Confederacy. He also related the abolitimrlst's active role in the movement for women's rights. • "Like Douglass, we must do everything we can to change the Negro's status in America and the status of oppressed peoples throughout the world," Dr. John– son declared. Dr. Qua1·les, a Dou5lass Livg– rapher, said that the life of the abolitionist exemplified struggle and achievement. "He personi– fied the great American goal that every man, regardless of hi~ beginning, can become some– body," the Morgan professor said. The restoration of the Home was seen by Dr. Quarles as be– ing more than the building of a shrine. He said that it can give many people a sense of belong– ing. "Many people do not believe that the Negro has contributed to American history," Dr. Quar– les declared. "The Douglass Home can show one of the con– tributions of the race." Other speakers included Dr. Joseph H. Douglass of Washing– ton, grandson of Douglass; the Reverend • E. Franklin Jackson, president of the D. C. Branch of the NAACP; and Dr. Rosa L. Gragg of Detroit, NACWC na– tional president. Under Dr. Gragg's direction, NACWC will attempt to raise $100,000 during 1961. If the drive is successful, the Douglass Home will undergo extensive renova– tion, including landscaping of the 14-acre tract on which it is located. Present plans call for the dedication of the Home as a national shrine on January 1, 1961. If the drive is successful, the Douglass Home will undergo extensive renovation, including landscaping of the 14-acre tract on which it is located. Present plans call for the dedication of the Home as a national shrine on January 1, 1962. The Douglass Home was be– queathed to the Frederick Doug– lass Memorial and Historical As– sociation in the will of his wid– ow, the late Helen Pitts Doug– lass. NACWC became affiliated with the Home in 1916, when it paid off the mortgage on the Home, thereby preventing a pub– lic auction of the property. The Horne contains many of Doug– lass' historic documents, as well as other relics of the mid-19th Century. Included are the flag and spear used by John Brown at Harpers Ferry, W. Va. The Home's collection "represents what a slave might think and what a slave might become," ac– cording to Dr. Gragg. The advisory committee for the restoration of the Home in– cludes some 30 distinguished citi– zens. It is headed by Dr. Joseph Douglass, and has among its members the nation's four Ne– gro Congressmen- Diggs, Wil– liam L. Dawson (D-ill.), Robert C. Nix (D-Pa.), and Adam Clay– ton Powell (D-N.Y.). The world's l•argest plywood press, just unveiled by Georgia– Pacific Corporation, is four stories high and an integral part of a new continuous-process method of making laminated P.anels. It is described as a major scientific break.through. Plyood I"'IIs continuously and automatically fi"'m the 60-opening hot press at a new G-P plant in Springfield, Oregon. The new type of pan– els have a . tough, smooth built-in- resin fiber surface on both sides, yet will sell in the same price range as ordinary fir ply– wood. Chesley ·'E. C~~rbettl. All-Star Cqgers Chesley - E. Corbett was born Selected to Meet in Yanceville, N. C., Dec. 31, 1885, and passed away at Port- Globetrotters land, Oregon, March 5, 1961. He served his country in World CHICAGO-The directors of War I. Mr. Corbett wrote his own the World Series of Baskektball obituary. Before corning to Port- are busily engaged this week land he had a most industrious compiling the names of the na– ~ife ~nd career. He has left ~n tion's outstanding college play– mdehble mark on the mam ers who have been nominated by stream of Portland. I scouts and coaches as potential He was a farsighted Exalted members of the 1961 All-Star Ruler of Billy Webb Lodge No. squad. 1050. Picking it up by the boot-_ The team, when finally select– straps and making a place for ed, wili meet Abe Saperstein's the lo < in the community. He fabulous Harlem Globetrotters in was a former First Vice Presi- the tenth annual World Series, dent of the Northwest States as- beginning April 2nd at the Chi– sociation, many times a delegate cago Stadium. The two star-stud– to the Grand Lodge convention. ded teams will then play in the Not being content to be just a following cities on successive delegate he was on committees night s- Milwaukee, Detroit, that effected changes for the bet- Cleveland, Buffalo, Hershey, Pa., terment of the lodge. He is a Charlotte, N. C., Cincinnati, St. former Grand Traveling Deputy Paul, Bozeman, Mont.; Spokane, Grand Exalted Ruler for the Wash.; Corvallis, Ore. (Oregon great, late Dr..J. Finley Wilson, State College); San Francisco, Los who respected and had much con- Angeles, Las Vegas, Tucson, Al– fidence in Mr. Corbett's ability. buquerque, N. M.; Denver, Kan– Mr. Corbett was named the Ne– gro Citizen of the Year in 1948. He has been a member of the Executive Board of Local No. 1404 of the Scalers Union. He was the Crusading Editor of the Northwest Clarion. Having made his mark uncovering .the brutal– ity afforded the people of his paper's area by special officers. He set the people to thinking on his "Who Speaks for Whom" editorials and effected remedies. He always "Spoke for Corbett." Finally, at the time of his death, he was a member of the Mayor's Committee on Intergroup Relations, appointed by Mayor Terry Schrunk. sas City and Wichita. The Globetrotters, meantime, are being groomed by Saperstein for this nationally famous series while on tour through the east . ''By the time our regular season ends," •the owner and coach of the world's most celebrated pro– fessional team says, "I'll have this club primed and ready for the World Series. We have to function perfectly if we expect to beat the All-Stars." The Trotters, led by the great– est comedian in sports, Meadow– lark Lemon, will give fans in the following cities a pre-view next week of their World Series line– up: March 18--White Plains, N. Y.; 19- Portland, Me.; 20-Roch- He loved his friends and re- ester, N. Y.; 21- Utica, N. Y.; spected his advisories. 2 2-Syracuse, N. Y.; 23-Ithica, Funeral services will be held at Vancouver First Baptist Church, N. Vancouver at Fargo, Friday morning at 11:30 a. m., under the auspices of Billy Webb Lodge No. 1050 I.B.P.O.E. of W. Funeral arrangements are by Ar– thur A Cox Funeral Chapel. Officiating will be Rev. T. X. Graham, of A.ME Zion Church, pastor. He leaves to mourn: his wife, Mrs. LaAue B. Corbett, Portland, his mother, Mrs. Elvira Corbett, Washington, D. C., a daughter, Mrs. Mildred Bailey, Chicago, TIL, another daughter, Mrs. lone Le,v– is, Tulsa, Okla., and a host of relatives and friends. N. Y.; Scranton, Pa.; 25- Al- toona, Pa. Evening Classes Start Week of March 13th At Multnomah College Twelve week evening classes to begin the week of March 13th will include: Business Law For The Businessman, General Office Supervision, Home Building For The Layman, Construction Cost Estimating, Reading Improve– ment For Adults, Creative Tech– nical Writing, Audiometry and Personality Adjustment, accord– ing to Multnomah College Regis– trar, Walter E. Wood. For further information call Stewart F. McCollom, CA 8-7317. Former Korean Ambassador Will Be Principal Speaker at Sunrise Service You Chan Yang, former Kor– ean Ambassador to the United States, will be the principal speaker at the Greater Portland Easter Sunrise Service to be held at the Coliseum on April 2, according to a spokesman for the committee organizing the event. Mr. Yang, a member of the Foun– dry Methodist church in Wash– ington, D. C., will speak as a lay churchman in a service wholly organized and condueted by lay church people of the greater Portland area. The Sunrise Service is schedul– ed for 7:00 a. m. and will be the first large function of a religious nature held in Portland's new col– iseum. The sertice will include NAACP Girds for Membershi.p Drive NEW YORK, N. Y.-NAACP a nationally known soloist and a choir of 500 voices. Yang, who resigned as Ambas– sador to the United States iast year, was born in Pusan, Korea, but lived most of his life in Ha– waii where he was a practicing physician and surgeon in Hono– lulu for nearly three decades. He received his medical training at Boston University Medical School after completing his undergradu– ate work at the University of Ha– waii. Mr. Yang became Ambassador to the United States in 1951 and has served· as both the Chief Delegate and Alternate Chief Delegate. The former Ambassador was a trustee and board member of the former Korean Christian Insti– tute, a trustee of the former Christian Student Movement of Hawaii and if; a member of the Young Men's Christian Associa– tion. officers in 35 state and regional Jl conferences this week received a fair Housing Bi five-point program to spur the Association's rising membership Hailed by N·AACP to an all-time high. Gloster B. Current, NAACP di- ' PlllLADELPillA, Pa. - The rector of branches, urged NAACP Pennsylvania State Conference of leadership to suggest member- NAACP branches recently hail– ship quotas for 1961, based on ed enactment of a fair housing their success in 1960. NAACP law for this state, considered one national membership last year of the best in the country. was 357,905. Its goal for 1961 is Calvin Banks, NAACP field se- 500,000. cretary for the Penn., N. J. and "The magnificent work done Del., region, said the bill is the by our state and local leadership result of three years of contin– in the past year is indicative of ued work on the part of the the heightened interest in the state's 44 NAACP units and lib– civil rights struggle on the part eral allies. of the nation's Negro populace," The. new law bans discrimina- Curren said. tion in the sale, rental or leasing The Association's branches con- of all housing save two excep– tributed $176,353.91 to the Fight tions: a single house that houses for Freedom Fund raising drive the owner; and a duplex in which last year. The suggested FFF the owner lives in one apartment_ quota this year is $300,000.00. If the owner does not live in Current stressed that the the duplex, he cannot discrimin- NAACP "will need one worker ate; and if the duplex has three for every ten memberships." or more aparl;ments, one of Therefore, 50,000 workers are ~·which houses tf{e owner, he may needed across the country. not discriminate. Committee Hearing Reveals Spies Planted in Integration Groups TALLAHASSEE, Fla.-A hear– ing by the Florida Legislative Investigation Committee reveal– ed bow spies are planted in in– tegration groups to report to state officials in the South. Three such spies were expos– ed when the committee made a desperate but insuccessful effort to show that the integration movement is controlled by so-– called subversives. Those e,xposed were Mrs. C. C. Collins and Ernest M. Salley, both of De Land, Fla., and MJ.·s. Mary Mueller of Mobile, Ala., formerly of Tallahassee, all white. They told of attending in– tegrationist meetings and sub– scribing for integration literature at the instigation of R. J. Strick– land, committee investigator. Salley even went so far as to allow himself to be subpoenaed to the committee hearing so he could take part in consultations between Carl Braden and his at– torney beforehand. Braden, a field secretaary and editor for the Southern Confer– ence Fund, New Orleans, had been subpoenaed by the commit– tee while making a speech before the Volusia County NAACP in Daytona Beach. When Salley appealed for help, Braden offered to introduce Sal– ley to Len Holt, Norfolk, Va., na– t ionally known civil rights at– torney who was to represent Braden before the committee. The Rt. Rev. C. Ewbank Tucker, A.M.E. Zion bishop, was also Braden's attorney but was unable to be present. Holt, Braden and Salley met the night before the hearing and Salley employed Holt to repre– sent him. The spy obtained a copy of a statement that Braden planned to make the committee the next day when refusing to testify. The statement accused the committee of violating his rights under the First Amendment to the U. S. Constitution, guaran– teeing freedom of speech, press, r eligion, association, and peti– tion. Salley gave the statement to the committee, which then told Braden he could answer all ques– tions fully or not be required to testify at all. The chairman, Rep. William G. O'Neill of Ocala, hurled the usual charges at Braden. He shouted: 'We will put in evidence that you are interested in agitation, stirring up sit-ins, and that you have no desire to impr~ve the position of the Ne– gro but to further the Commun– ist cause." After conferring with Holt, Braden told the committee: "ThiS· is a somewhat unusual procedure which you have set up. I disa– gree with what you have said. It is based on inaccuracies and false assumptions. I refuse to tes– tify because you are violating my rights under the First Amend– mept." Braden and Holt then sat down– in the front row at the hearing and listened to the spies describe< their work. Mrs. Collins told of attending meetings of SCEF and other groups and of receiving lit- · erature and letters which she turned over to the committee. Salley said he attended a meet– ing in Orlando in March, 1960., at which a statewide committee was set up by persons and groups interested in civil rights and– civil liberties. The inquisitors were especially concerned about: a group set up in Tallahassee to alert people all over Florida against repressive legislation. Salley told how he spied on SCEF, the NAACP, and the Coun– cil on Human Relations. He also– made reports on peace groups. On one occasion, he even took ·ii– three-hour tape recording, part of which was played for the in– vestigating committee. Reporters later asked Brade-11 if he and SCEF were concerned about spies and informers in the groups with which they work. Braden replied, "We never giVe it a thought. We are not doing anything subversive or unlawful,_ We take everybody at face vaJ... ue until they show that they are not what they say they are. w~ refuse to play into the hands or the segregationists by being sus– picious of people. That's what they want us to do." Reporters also asked Braden for copies of the statement that he planned to make to the com– mittee before it was supplied to the committee by Salley. Braden gave them copies of the state- (Continued on page two)